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22/Apr/2022
RoHS: Impact study finds positive results, review process has started
The importance of RoHS, the restriction of hazardo
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06/Jan/2022
“Fire Resistance in Plastics" addresses the need for flame retardants for e-mobility – halogen-free solutions in clear focus
The Fire Resistance in Plastics is one of the most
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23/Dec/2021
FRPM 2023, European Meeting on Fire Retardant Polymeric Materials, 26.-29.06.2023
  FRPM 21, one of the most important scien
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15/Dec/2021
New pinfa brochure on innovative fire safety in transportation
Transport vehicles increasingly rely on polymeric
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07/Oct/2021
“European Meeting on Fire Retardant Polymeric Materials" in Budapest - FRPM21 – real people meeting again live to discuss science
The European Meeting on Fire Retardant Polymeric M
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17/Aug/2021
Webinar “Resistance to fire, heat and their contaminants” increases awareness for flame retardant solutions for transportation
During this year's webinar by Octima, solution
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Mode of action

 

Flame retardants may slow down or even interrupt the combustion process by physical or chemical action in the solid, liquid or gas phase. They interfere during heating, decomposition, ignition or flame spread with the course of the fire. The most important processes are:

  • Physical action by cooling (endothermic process of FR decomposition) or diluting the substrate in the gas phase (i.e. formation of water) and the solid phase (alumina trihydrate and magnesium hydroxide), or by coating the substrate (shielding it against the attack of oxygen and heat) with phosphorous and nitrogen compounds.

  • Chemical action in the gas phase interferes with the combustion processes by eliminating the high energy H and OH radicals by halogen halides from halogenated flame retardants, metal halogen compounds from antimony trioxide, and phosphorous-containing fragments from phosphorous flame retardants (“flame poisoning”).

In the solid phase, the flame retardant forms a carbonaceous layer on the surface of the polymer by dehydration, formation of double bonds, thus initiating cyclization and cross-linking (phosphorous, nitrogen compounds, intumescent systems).